kittehkats:

The dog-days are almost upon us.  Keep your kitties (and even goggies) safe in the heat.
Some other tips:
Put out multiple water bowls for easy access.  Consider freezing one, or adding ice.
Tie ribbons to the grill of an oscillating fan to encourage your cat to play and cool off at the same time
Place some frozen cooler packs in a rolled up towel, then in your pets favorite bed
Make sure access to the bathroom is clear.  All of that porcelain, enamel and cold water plumbing can keep bathrooms a few degrees cooler than the rest of the house.  Basements too, if available

kittehkats:

The dog-days are almost upon us.  Keep your kitties (and even goggies) safe in the heat.

Some other tips:

  • Put out multiple water bowls for easy access.  Consider freezing one, or adding ice.
  • Tie ribbons to the grill of an oscillating fan to encourage your cat to play and cool off at the same time
  • Place some frozen cooler packs in a rolled up towel, then in your pets favorite bed
  • Make sure access to the bathroom is clear.  All of that porcelain, enamel and cold water plumbing can keep bathrooms a few degrees cooler than the rest of the house.  Basements too, if available
Anonymous asked
What measurement of time do I put my work experience in? Like I have done 6 working weeks on a piggery but 4 full weeks lambing... Should I just put it in hours?

Depends what you are filling it out for. Personal statements I’d just say 6 weeks pig farm, 4 weeks lambing. Some work ex questionnaires will ask for it in hours, others, like Liverpool, will say one day is 0.2 weeks so you can work it out from that :)

E xxx 

Anonymous asked
I want to write a blog about my work experience. Are there any websites you think may best suit a blog of this description?

Most people I know use tumblr, or maybe wordpress? I’m not sure how word press works though. Sorry I can’t be more usefull :(

E xxx

the-vet-life:

The black liquid was aspirated from a growing mass on the shoulder of a 2y.o. male neutered crossbreed dog. After sending the sample to the labs, it was suspected to be a pigmented basal cell carcinoma, so we made the quick decision to book him in for surgical excision.

After removing the mass, we sent the mass to the labs again for histopathology analysis, which came back and said it was a benign follicular cyst!

This highlights the importance to always perform histopathology on masses you remove!

biomedicalephemera:

Our Three (Brain) Mothers

Protecting our brain and central nervous system are the meninges, derived from the Greek term for “membrane”. You may have heard of meningitis - this is when the innermost layer of the meninges swells, often due to infection, and can cause nerve or brain damage, and sometimes death.

There are three meningeal layers: the dura mater, arachnoid mater, and pia mater. In Latin, “mater” means “mother”. The term comes from the enveloping nature of these membranes, but we later learned how apt it was, because of how protective and essential the meningeal layers are.

——————————————————-

  • The dura mater is the outermost and toughest membrane. Its name means “tough mother”.

The dura is most important for keeping cerebrospinal fluid where it belongs, and for allowing the safe transport of blood to and from the brain. This layer is also water-tight - if it weren’t, our cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) would leak out, and our central nervous system would have no cushion! Its leathery qualities mean that even when the skull is broken, more often than not, the dura (and the brain it encases) is not punctured.

  • The arachnoid mater is the middle membrane. Its name means "spider-like mother", because of its web-like nature.

The arachnoid is attached directly to the deep side of the dura, and has small protrusions into the sinuses within the dura, which allows for CSF to return to the bloodstream and not become stagnant. It also has very fine, web-like projections downward, which attach to the pia mater. However, it doesn’t contact the pia mater in the same way as the dura: the CSF flows between the two meningeal layers, in the subarachnoid space. The major superficial blood vessels are on top of the arachnoid, and below the dura.

  • Pia mater is the innermost membrane, which follows the folds (sulci) of the brain and spinal cord most closely. Its name means “tender mother”.

The pia is what makes sure the CSF stays between the meninges, and doesn’t just get absorbed into the brain or spinal cord. It also allows for new CSF from the ventricles to be shunted into the subarachnoid space, and provides pathways for blood vessels to nourish the brain. While the pia mater is very thin, it is water-tight, just like the dura mater. The pia is also the primary blood-brain barrier, making sure that no plasma proteins or organic molecules penetrate into the CSF. 

Because of this barrier, medications which need to reach the brain or meninges must be administered directly into the CSF.

Images:
Anatomy: Practical and Surgical. Henry Gray, 1909.

Anonymous asked
For work experience what should I bring? Is there anything I shouldn't bring/wear? Anything I have to know before going to an Veterinary Clinic/Animal Hospital/Veterinary Surgery?

Most importantly a pen and paper. Make sure you take notes of things you find interesting and even the basic things like vaccinations as they’re important. Aside from that just dress smartly and appropriately. Bring enthusiasm and interest. I would say no as you’re there to learn but some basic concepts such as vaccinations and some surgeries would be useful. I would use it more as a place to learn more if it’s your first placement though. 

Ask questions as many times as you can, no question is too stupid. Before a placement try and have an idea of what you want to take away from it. Do you want to know how to castrate an animal, learn the joints and diseases that go along with them. the major organ systems etc etc. and try make sure you pick up as much as you can about them.

Anonymous asked
I'm sixteen and I want to be a Veterinarian but I have no experience at a veterinary clinic but I'm going to be applying for work experience, will the journey into becoming a Veterinarian become harder because I didn't start experience younger?

it shouldn’t be harder per se, you just have to make sure you get enough varied experience. Try and get work with most of the main species (cows, sheep, horses, and smallies). Provided you’re organised and make the most of the experience you are at no disadvantage. :)

W

malformalady:

Cow with cyclopia. Cyclopia is a congenital disorder characterized by the failure of the embryonic prosencephalon to properly divide the orbits of the eye into two cavities. Its incidence is 1 in 16,000 in born animals, and 1 in 250 in embryos, 1 in 2,500 that end in miscarriage

malformalady:

Cow with cyclopia. Cyclopia is a congenital disorder characterized by the failure of the embryonic prosencephalon to properly divide the orbits of the eye into two cavities. Its incidence is 1 in 16,000 in born animals, and 1 in 250 in embryos, 1 in 2,500 that end in miscarriage

Anonymous asked
Is it true that if you do Bioveterinary sciences and get a first in your first year, you can transfer to a vet med course?

Afraid not, at least not that I know of. I think it’s a myth that gets spread round, and they do dis-spell it if you ask them. Sorry!

Anonymous asked
Hi there. What are the normal parameters for a dog and cat? The aspinall and BSAVA textbook both have different ranges and it's really confusing!

socialpetworking:

It is rather confusing as lots of different books say lots of different things, I have a Dictionary of Veterinary Nursing that has the normal parameters in the back and I go by them.

Temperature (Degrees Celsius):

Dog: 38.3-38.7      
Cat: 38.0-38.5

Pulse Rate (Beats/min):

Dog: 60-120 (Depending on the size of the dog, smaller dogs usually have quicker pulse rates)  
Cat: 100-140

Respiratory Rate (Breaths/min):

Dog: 15-30  
Cat: 20-30

There are many different ranges, it will become a matter of just feeling instinctively when something i high or not.