fimbry-talks:

reptiliaherps:

shadorea:

Question for other herpers out there:

A baby ball at my work (I work at a pet store) is showing some discoloration on his chin. On the left side, there is some pitting occurring within the discoloration. Has anyone seen this before? Know what it might be? My boss wants to know if it is something of concern before scheduling a vet trip.

Enclosure details: Hot spot is around 90F during the day, drops to ~85F at night, with cool side being around 78F and unknown temp at night. Humidity is kept around 50%-60%, with morning and nightly mistings to keep it up (the enclosure is terrible at retaining moisture).

It is also worth noting there are two other baby balls in the enclosure, with is about the size of a 10 gallon fish tank. I know this is FAR from ideal, but with our space available/expected stock, it is unavoidable.* Neither of the other babes has similar discoloration apparent.

*Don’t even get me started on how much this irritates me. It is far from my decision to keep the balls this way, and despite protests from our staff, it is out of our hands.

Okay so all of these pictures look like the beginning of a dermatitis infection. “scale rot” is basically a very severe form of dermatitis. Smaller-scale infections usually prevent with a little bit of pinkish discoloration. 

Like fuckyeahballpythons said, I’ve seen this a few times before too and never got a clear answer. I asked my herp vet though, and he said that a good 90% of the time that there is pinkish discoloration it is small-scale (as in size, not snake scales) dermatitis. He also said for this kind of stuff you can get away with swabbing the area with iodine once per day for 10 days or so, and usually the problem is solved by the next shed. 

Not even sure how long this has been sitting here but I’m posting this now just so that I can link it if anyone else presents with this kind of problem. 

*Note: My answer on this post is not a substitute for a trip to the vet. I am only communicating my personal experiences with similar scale discoloration incidences but any sudden inflammation of the scales should be followed by a trip to the vet for confirmation. If it is dermatitis, the infection can spread and eat away at even more scales quite quickly.

I’ve actually seen this in a lot of ball pythons.

Ambellina has had these unformed heat pits since birth.

There are some balls with almost full formed ones:

Ambellina has been like that for 6 years, and the one in the second picture has been like that for at least 4 years.

I think it is probably a result of captive inbreeding, and some gene that makes heat pits want to grow where they shouldn’t really be. You see a lot of weird head scalations in ball pythons, extra heat pits along the upper lip, etc. It really does not surprise me.

hokaegu:

bogleech:

raw-fed-pets:

faofox:

raw-fed-pets:

All dogs share the same basic digestive system despite the range of physical variations (and attitudes) across different breeds. Every dog is designed to eat a raw animal-based diet, from the Chihuahua to the Great Dane. Breed-specific dog food brands are simply a marketing gimmick aimed at playing on the pet owner’s emotions, and their desire to feed their pet the best possible diet.

I don’t think that dogs need an animal-based diet. If done right they can be vegan and not contribute to the murdering of innocent animals. We’ve adapted and domesticated them enough to do so. They’ve evolved to live without meat just like us.

200% incorrect. Vegan diets are carbohydrate-based. Carbohydrates are inflammatory, feed cancer (glucose), contribute to periodontal disease (leading to systemic organ failure, eg heart), cause insulin spikes leading to a multitude of other issues in the long-term (thyroid, liver, diabetes, heart disease) and also cause pancreatic problems due to extreme stress on the pancreas (secreting heavy loads of carb enzymes over a long period of time). The low moisture content coupled with high plant protein may also cause renal failure in the long term. The preservatives used may also be linked to cancer (BHA, BHT etc), and these diets also skew the omega3/6 ratio, causing further inflammation (linked to cancer again). They cause urine alkalinity leading to urinary problems such as crystals, blockages and UTI’s.
Brief into to dog anatomy/physiology:
- Stomach PH: Their highly acidic stomach is designed for eliminating harmful bacteria and breaking down bone into a gel-like substance. Humans have a much more alkaline stomach acid which is why we would struggle to digest raw bone.
-Digestive Enzymes: Higher level of proteases to break down animal protein. High bile load to help push through bacteria.
-Dental Anatomy: Sharp pointed teeth designed for ripping and tearing flesh and bones.Dogs do not chew their food as we do, they are wired to swallow chunks quickly as a basic survival instinct.
-Jaws: Dogs also have strong jaws that physically cannot move sideways (like your own can). This sideways grinding action is a feature that allows pre-digestion of plant material. Again, dogs rip off chunks and swallow them whole.
-Lack of Salivary Amylase: Omnivores have this for pre-digestion of carbohydrates. Dogs and cats do not. The canine pancreas secretes amylase as a backup, however this does not mean they should be fed a high carbohydrate diet every day for a lifetime. Processed food (incl vegan) is 40-70% carbohydrate.
-Lysozyme: Instead of amylase, dogs have lysozyme in their saliva which is an antibacterial. This may be useful for destroying any harmful bacteria in carrion/rotten food/feces, as well as wound cleaning.
-Gut length: The canine gut is short in length which is because flesh must be pushed through quickly. It does not need to sit and ferment, as this could allow bacteria to multiply to harmful levels. Note that plant eating animals have a long digestive tract and even multiple stomach chambers in order for plant material to be slowly broken down by the necessary enzymes.
-Nutrient profiles. Dogs have 0% biological requirement for carbohydrates. They gain every single essential nutrient from a prey based diet such as Whole Prey/Prey Model. Vegan diets are full of processed lab-made vitamins and minerals. Many vitamin pre-mixes are made in china and shipped to the country of manufacture.
All in all, dogs will survive on a high carbohydrate diet but it will cause systemic effects eventually. Similar to smoking, a junk food diet affects every dog differently and some may be affected more severely than others, and in different time spans. You can also expect high vet fees in the form of dental cleanings, dental surgeries and various health problem later on in life.
It is not recommended that you feed your pet the equivalent of a big mac for the entirety of its life. This is essentially what kibble and vegan diets are. Evolution has changed the appearance and even the behaviour of your dog, but their digestive system is still geared towards meat. Basically, you are paying money to have a company slowly kill your pet from the inside out. 
0/10, Not Recommended.

Hard science here for anyone who needs to shut down a “vegan pet owner.” It’s abuse. Feed your animal the substances they evolved to eat or do not own an animal, it’s as simple as that.

I am so sick of people thinking that they know what animals are “supposed to” eat, like shut the fuck up, they existed and ate MEAT before humans ever came along. They are called carnivores for a reason. I will NEVER understand how people can think they know better than biology. Jesus fuck.

If you want a pet that doesn’t eat meat, don’t get a carnivorous pet. Get a rabbit or something. 

hokaegu:

bogleech:

raw-fed-pets:

faofox:

raw-fed-pets:

All dogs share the same basic digestive system despite the range of physical variations (and attitudes) across different breeds. Every dog is designed to eat a raw animal-based diet, from the Chihuahua to the Great Dane. Breed-specific dog food brands are simply a marketing gimmick aimed at playing on the pet owner’s emotions, and their desire to feed their pet the best possible diet.

I don’t think that dogs need an animal-based diet. If done right they can be vegan and not contribute to the murdering of innocent animals. We’ve adapted and domesticated them enough to do so. They’ve evolved to live without meat just like us.

200% incorrect. Vegan diets are carbohydrate-based. Carbohydrates are inflammatory, feed cancer (glucose), contribute to periodontal disease (leading to systemic organ failure, eg heart), cause insulin spikes leading to a multitude of other issues in the long-term (thyroid, liver, diabetes, heart disease) and also cause pancreatic problems due to extreme stress on the pancreas (secreting heavy loads of carb enzymes over a long period of time). The low moisture content coupled with high plant protein may also cause renal failure in the long term. The preservatives used may also be linked to cancer (BHA, BHT etc), and these diets also skew the omega3/6 ratio, causing further inflammation (linked to cancer again). They cause urine alkalinity leading to urinary problems such as crystals, blockages and UTI’s.

Brief into to dog anatomy/physiology:

- Stomach PH: Their highly acidic stomach is designed for eliminating harmful bacteria and breaking down bone into a gel-like substance. Humans have a much more alkaline stomach acid which is why we would struggle to digest raw bone.

-Digestive Enzymes: Higher level of proteases to break down animal protein. High bile load to help push through bacteria.

-Dental Anatomy: Sharp pointed teeth designed for ripping and tearing flesh and bones.Dogs do not chew their food as we do, they are wired to swallow chunks quickly as a basic survival instinct.

-Jaws: Dogs also have strong jaws that physically cannot move sideways (like your own can). This sideways grinding action is a feature that allows pre-digestion of plant material. Again, dogs rip off chunks and swallow them whole.

-Lack of Salivary Amylase: Omnivores have this for pre-digestion of carbohydrates. Dogs and cats do not. The canine pancreas secretes amylase as a backup, however this does not mean they should be fed a high carbohydrate diet every day for a lifetime. Processed food (incl vegan) is 40-70% carbohydrate.

-Lysozyme: Instead of amylase, dogs have lysozyme in their saliva which is an antibacterial. This may be useful for destroying any harmful bacteria in carrion/rotten food/feces, as well as wound cleaning.

-Gut length: The canine gut is short in length which is because flesh must be pushed through quickly. It does not need to sit and ferment, as this could allow bacteria to multiply to harmful levels. Note that plant eating animals have a long digestive tract and even multiple stomach chambers in order for plant material to be slowly broken down by the necessary enzymes.

-Nutrient profiles. Dogs have 0% biological requirement for carbohydrates. They gain every single essential nutrient from a prey based diet such as Whole Prey/Prey Model. Vegan diets are full of processed lab-made vitamins and minerals. Many vitamin pre-mixes are made in china and shipped to the country of manufacture.

All in all, dogs will survive on a high carbohydrate diet but it will cause systemic effects eventually. Similar to smoking, a junk food diet affects every dog differently and some may be affected more severely than others, and in different time spans. You can also expect high vet fees in the form of dental cleanings, dental surgeries and various health problem later on in life.

It is not recommended that you feed your pet the equivalent of a big mac for the entirety of its life. This is essentially what kibble and vegan diets are. Evolution has changed the appearance and even the behaviour of your dog, but their digestive system is still geared towards meat. Basically, you are paying money to have a company slowly kill your pet from the inside out.

0/10, Not Recommended.

Hard science here for anyone who needs to shut down a “vegan pet owner.” It’s abuse. Feed your animal the substances they evolved to eat or do not own an animal, it’s as simple as that.

I am so sick of people thinking that they know what animals are “supposed to” eat, like shut the fuck up, they existed and ate MEAT before humans ever came along. They are called carnivores for a reason. I will NEVER understand how people can think they know better than biology. Jesus fuck.

If you want a pet that doesn’t eat meat, don’t get a carnivorous pet. Get a rabbit or something. 

southernsnowdogs:

brown—hound:

We see a lot of greyhounds in my clinic… They are pretty much not dogs… Nothing is the same with a grey. They can be in perfect health one day, and dying of liver failure the next. Its incredibly hard working with them medical wise.

But love them I do! <3 They are very fragile and sensitive dogs, with hearts of pure gold and legs like a kangaroo. The 4 we have here are just a delight 

southernsnowdogs:

brown—hound:

We see a lot of greyhounds in my clinic… They are pretty much not dogs… Nothing is the same with a grey. They can be in perfect health one day, and dying of liver failure the next. Its incredibly hard working with them medical wise.

But love them I do! <3 
They are very fragile and sensitive dogs, with hearts of pure gold and legs like a kangaroo. The 4 we have here are just a delight 

(Source: mgkesi)

Anonymous asked
I am 16 and about to start year 12. I don't have any veterinary work experience yet because I have only recently become interested in the career. I was wondering how many weeks' work experience are generally undertaken by people applying to vet school and whether I am at a disadvantage not yet having any. I do intend to use school holidays from now on gaining experience at local vets, kennels, lambing and even an abbatoir so I hope I have not left it too late?

Hi! No it’s not too late at all. So long as you’re organised you can get a lot of experience in between now and applying and going to uni. You should be fine just make sure you don’t waste a moment :) Also in your application you will get chances to put down experience you have got planned :).

W

—-

To add to that, I didn’t really have much experience prior to year 12 (I had maybe 2 weeks maximum) but by the time the applications came around I had more than enough weeks at a variety of places so it is possible to fit it all in. Just start looking into places now as some can be quite competitive. Usually if you get in with one farm they can get you sorted out at other farms, so don’t stress too much!

C

equinevetadventures:

In the OR with Dr. Patty Hogan (part 2) since everyone enojoyed part 1 so much, here is a Arthroscopic Removal of a Plantar OCD Fragment

Note the differences in the positioning and preparation :)

futuretheriodvm asked
Ok, so don't really have a question - I just wanted to say it's so nice to see a fellow future vet not buy into the anti-breeder/animal rights propaganda!

Tbh I don’t know any future vets who do buy into that propaganda…its all about education and generally most of us are educated enough to know about animal rights and breeding. 

—————

I’m tempted to start being more active using education against all the animal rights stuff. I don’t have much time though.

W

Learning Anatomy Tips: 1 - Bone Marking Types

equinevetadventures:

image
One of my sister’s professors (she studies human medicine) is quoted to have said that "learning the medical terms necessary to practice medicine, including anatomy and clinical significant concepts is the same as learning 2.5 foreign languages". So it’s easy…